WP7 Quantum Optics (TA6)
The following systems will be considered: trapped ions, neutral atoms in magnetic and optical traps, thermal ensembles of atoms and photons. Applications in the field of quantum information processing as well as in Bose-Einstein condensation will also be described. Quantum optics deals with the interaction of light and matter (atoms and molecules). During the last few years, this topic has acquired a renewed interest through the experimental achievements made in atomic physics, and the possibility of controlling and manipulating atomic quantum states using light. This module will review the theoretical techniques used to describe the interactions of light with atoms, as well as the physical phenomena observed in actual experiments dealing with cold atoms. The main goal is to acquire an overview over the multitude of quantum optical effects and the most important methods for their theoretical description.